Difficult Times in the Coal and Steel Industries – the 1990’s

Canadian coal exports had doubled over the past decade but global warming was becoming a concern because of the effect on the environment. Research was aimed at reducing the cost of coke and energy for Canadian steel makers and finding a niche for Canadian coal. PCI work became very important to both the coal and steel companies.

The PCI facilities at Bells Corners was proving its value in the injection program. A CCRA sponsored project at the University of British Columbia on coke oven modeling was completed and the model now resides at CANMET for all to use.

In 1995, CCRA celebrated the 30th Anniversary of its founding.  Because of difficult economic conditions in the coal and steel industries, membership had declined to eight members and EMR was undergoing a review and CCRA was asked to prepare an Impact statement for their review.


By 1997, the CCRA/CANMET fee structure underwent a significant change with confidential oven test work increasing substantially. The Board of Directors approved By-law Number 2 to create a new category of Membership, the “Connected Member”. This was a category for members who were not eligible to join as full members but wished to be part of CCRA.